Cartoon of expanding dipole wavefronts
Matlab code 

% Cartoon of expanding dipole wavefronts

clear; close all;

 

figure('units','pixels','position',[0 0 1920 1080],'ToolBar','none');

vid = VideoWriter('expandingDipoleWavefronts.mp4','MPEG-4');

vid.Quality = 100;

vid.FrameRate = 30;

open(vid);

set(0,'defaultfigurecolor',[1 1 1]);

set(gca,'linewidth',7);

 

LL = 16;

wavey = 0:LL/1000:LL;

wavex = 0.0*wavey;

 

u = 0:pi/50:2*pi; % phi azimuthal

v = 0:pi/50:2*pi; % theta polar

[u,v]=meshgrid(u,v);

N = 400;

 

lp = [0.4 -0.4 0.7];

ec = [0.25 0.28 0.5]; % myBlue

fc = [1.0 0.83 0]; % gold

 

 

for t = 0:1:N

    hold off;

    x = (t/50)*(1 + cos(v)).*cos(u);

    y = (t/50)*(1 + cos(v)).*sin(u);

    z = (t/50)*sin(v);

 

    fa = 0.03+0.10*(N - t)/N;

    ea = 0.05+0.20*(N - t)/N;

    surf(x,y,z,'FaceAlpha',fa,'FaceColor',fc,'EdgeAlpha',ea,'EdgeColor',ec,'FaceLighting','gouraud','DiffuseStrength',1);

    light('Position',lp,'Style','infinite');

    view(35,25);

    hold on;

    % oscillating electron sphere

    r = 0.32;

    osc = 0.5*sin(2*pi*t/(N/4));

    [x,y,z] = sphere; surf(x*r,y*r,z*r+osc,'FaceColor',ec,'LineStyle','none');

    % incoming E-field

    wavez = -sin(2*pi*(4*wavey/LL) + (8*pi*t/N));

    plot3(wavex,-wavey,wavez,'color','red', 'LineWidth', 2.0);

 

    if (t > N/4)

        hold on;

        x2 = ((t-N/4)/50)*(1 + cos(v)).*cos(u);

        y2 = ((t-N/4)/50)*(1 + cos(v)).*sin(u);

        z2 = ((t-N/4)/50)*sin(v);

 

        fa = 0.05+0.14*(N - (t-N/4))/N;

        ea = 0.07+0.28*(N - (t-N/4))/N;

        surf(x2,y2,z2,'FaceAlpha',fa,'FaceColor',fc,'EdgeAlpha',ea,'EdgeColor',ec,'FaceLighting','gouraud','DiffuseStrength',1);

        %light('Position',lp,'Style','infinite');

    end

    if (t > N/2)

        hold on;

        x2 = ((t-N/2)/50)*(1 + cos(v)).*cos(u);

        y2 = ((t-N/2)/50)*(1 + cos(v)).*sin(u);

        z2 = ((t-N/2)/50)*sin(v);

 

        fa = 0.05+0.20*(N - (t-N/2))/N;

        ea = 0.07+0.40*(N - (t-N/2))/N;

        surf(x2,y2,z2,'FaceAlpha',fa,'FaceColor',fc,'EdgeAlpha',ea,'EdgeColor',ec,'FaceLighting','gouraud','DiffuseStrength',1);

        %light('Position',lp,'Style','infinite');

    end

    if (t > 3*N/4)

        hold on;

        x2 = ((t-3*N/4)/50)*(1 + cos(v)).*cos(u);

        y2 = ((t-3*N/4)/50)*(1 + cos(v)).*sin(u);

        z2 = ((t-3*N/4)/50)*sin(v);

 

        fa = 0.05+0.25*(N - (t-3*N/4))/N;

        ea = 0.07+0.50*(N - (t-3*N/4))/N;

        surf(x2,y2,z2,'FaceAlpha',fa,'FaceColor',fc,'EdgeAlpha',ea,'EdgeColor',ec,'FaceLighting','gouraud','DiffuseStrength',1);

        %light('Position',lp,'Style','infinite');

    end

    axis square

    axis off

 

    xlim([-LL LL]);

    ylim([-LL LL]);

    zlim([-LL LL]);

 

    % Store the frame

    frame = getframe(gcf);

    writeVideo(vid,frame);

end

%hold off;

% Output the movie as an mpg file

close(vid);